Senin, 28 November 2011

Catfish Disease

Several types of diseases that often attack catfish can be caused by bacteria, parasites or even worms. Diseases - diseases that are often encountered by catfish farmers are fungus, white spots, ulcers, intestinal worms and trichodina.

To avoid big losses, catfish farmers should be able to control the disease - the disease mentioned above by first knowing the cause of the disease and symptoms that appear before eventually know how to mitigate them.

FUNGUS
Types that can be attacked is Saprolegnia and achyla, where they are often found in waters rich in organic material. This disease attacks the catfish already teruka or who are in weak condition.
Symptoms exhibited by catfish attacked by this disease is that the wounds are often found around the white fibers. Some precautions that can be done are: reduced stocking densities and pond water sprinkled with salt amount of 5 g / m 2.
Several treatment measures that can be done is:
Submerge the sick catfish in the water dose PK 1 g / 100 liters of water. Immersion process carried out for 30 minutes. Mushrooms can be eliminated by using drugs Furazolin.

White spot
The cause of the emergence of this disease is ichthyophthirius multifiliis where they would attack catfish are kept in a pool of stagnant water.
Symptoms exhibited by catfish attacked by this disease is that on the surface of the skin and gills of the catfish are also found many spots - white spots which, if left too long, the skin and gills will be broken before the catfish will eventually die in a matter of hours.
Several treatment measures that can be done is:
Improving sanitation systems, pool water sprinkled with salt from 30 grams / liter of water, as much as 2-3 times in a row - row, the use of green malachyte doses of 0.1 grams / m 2 as much as 2 days to recover catfish.

Ulcer
Is the disease most feared by farmers because the catfish can cause mass death.
The cause of the emergence of this disease is Aeromonas and Pseudomonas in which they meenyerang catfish organs, like liver, spleen and meat.
Symptoms exhibited by catfish attacked by this disease is the appearance of ulcers throughout the skin surface lelel fish. This ulcer will ooze pus jikan this disease blow up.
Several treatment measures that can be done is:
Catfish quarantine the sick and giving antibiotics in catfish are still healthy to improve their endurance. Antibiotics may be given by way mixed into the feed catfish at a dose of antibiotic is 1 mg / kg of feed. Besides the pool water sprinkled with some 10 kilograms of salt mixed with papaya leaves the collision.

Wormy
Types that can be attacked is dactylogyrus and gyrodactylus, where they often encountered dikolam tebarnya too high a density as well as recently experienced drastic environmental changes and sudden. They often attack the gills of the catfish (will cause difficulty in breathing) and skin (a slimy).
Symptoms exhibited by catfish attacked by this disease are loss of appetite as well as catfish often swim to the surface.
Several treatment measures that can be done is:
Replacing large amounts of water, sprinkled with salt water pool kitchen some 40 grams / m 2, soaking catfish are sick into the PK concentration of 0.01% water for 30 minutes.

TRICHODINA
The disease is caused by protozoa, where they attack the gills of the catfish. Fish are affected by this disease going around - turn and appeared above the water surface.
Treatment measures that can be done is to soak the catfish are sick into the water formalin concentration 15-20 ppm.

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